Uncoupling between CD1d upregulation induced by retinoic acid and conduritol-B-epoxide and iNKT cell responsiveness


IBMC – Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 823, 4150-180 Porto, Portugal; ICBAS – Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Portugal.

Gaucher disease (GD) is associated with upregulation of CD1d and MHC-class II expression by monocytes. While the physiological impact of CD1d upregulation remains uncertain, it has been proposed that MHC-class II upregulation is associated with inflammation. Hereby, we show that the decrease in MHC-class II expression seen in GD patients under therapy correlates positively with chitotriosidase activity, a marker of inflamed macrophages. We also show that retinoic acid (RA) and the beta-glucocerebrosidase inhibitor conduritol-B-epoxide (CBE) lead to upregulation of CD1d expression by THP-1 cells, which correlated with an increase in mRNA expression. In vitro co-culture experiments showed that RA treated THP-1 cells were more stimulatory for CD4(+) than for CD8(+) T cells, as determined by CFSE loss, in comparison to untreated THP-1 cells. Interestingly, even though addition of exogenous isoglobotrihexosylceramide (iGb3), a physiological CD1d ligand, augmented the percentage of dividing CD4(+) T cells, we could not detect a significant expansion of CD4(+)Valpha24(+) invariant Natural Killer T (iNKT) cells. In contrast, addition of alpha-galactosylceramide (alpha-GC) induced expansion of Valpha24(+) iNKT cells as determined by using alpha-GC-loaded human CD1d dimers. These results strengthen the existence of a cross-talk between monocyte lipid accumulation, inflammation and changes in cell surface CD1d and MHC-class II in monocytes, which may result in inappropriate recognition events by immune cells and perpetuate chronic inflammation.

PMID: 19651460 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]